Since 2005 GLOBE has been facilitating a high-level climate change dialogue amongst legislators. Initially consisting of cross-party representatives from the G8, Brazil, China, India, Mexico & South Africa, the programme has been expanded to include 33 countries in 2013 and will be further expanded to 66 in 2014.
In 2009 a set of "Legislative Principles on Climate Change" was negotiated and agreed by over 120 legislators from 17 countries. The aim of the principles was to guide legislators as they developed national climate change legislation, recognising that by moving together, and in a consistent fashion, the benefits of moving to a low carbon economy could be multiplied and the competitive distortions minimised.
This agreement paved the way for the 1st GLOBE Climate Legislation Study – an examination of existing climate-related legislation in 16 countries - launched in April 2011 alongside ministers from Australia, China and the UK. The aims of the study were twofold: first, it delivered a positive message about the scale and scope of national legislation on climate change in the major economies. At the time, this was a welcome contrast to the lack of progress in the international negotiations and injected a real sense of momentum. Second, by demonstrating the extent and breadth of that national legislation, the study helped to tackle the argument, faced by many governments and legislators, that in advancing legislation they were acting alone and potentially putting their country at a competitive disadvantage.
It was clear that the report filled a gap in the knowledge of many on the extent of the legislative response to climate change. The Study has been widely referred to by ministers in debates in Australia, South Korea, Mexico, the UK and others. Christiana Figueres, the Executive Secretary of the UNFCCC, described the GLOBE study as "the Bible of climate action" at the launch of the 2nd edition in Durban in December 2011. The 3rd edition, expanded to cover 33 countries, was launched in London at the first GLOBE Climate Legislation Summit on 14 January 2013 alongside Christiana Figueres, Ed Davey (UK Secretary of State for Climate and Energy), Rt Hon John Gummer, Lord Deben (President of GLOBE International) and senior legislators from 25 countries.
The Role of Legislators
Legislators have a central role in responding to the climate change challenge. First, they have a responsibility to develop and pass domestic legislation. Second, they have a crucial role in monitoring the implementation of laws through their oversight of governments.
GLOBE members have played prominent roles in developing their respective national climate change-related legislation. For example, GLOBE members in Brazil, EU, Germany, Japan, Mexico, South Korea and the UK have been instrumental in the passage of national climate change-related legislation.
Recognition of Climate Change Legislation
Recognition of legislation could be an important building block in terms of creating the foundation for an international agreement. If national legislation is advanced by a parliament that is consistent with a credible pathway and is supported by enhanced national scrutiny structures, there is no reason why this should not be recognised by the international community as a valid commitment. Such a proposal respects national sovereignty and reinforces national governance structures. GLOBE is in discussions with the UNFCCC about how national legislation could formally be recognised in the international process.